California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States, bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, Arizona to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

California Maps

As of the 2020 United States Census, the estimated population of California was approximately 39.5 million people. The capital of California is Sacramento, which had an estimated population of 524,943 in 2020. However, the most populous city in California is Los Angeles, with an estimated population of 3.8 million in 2020, followed by San Diego with an estimated population of 1.4 million in 2020.

The history of California dates back thousands of years, with numerous Native American tribes, including the Chumash, Tongva, and Maidu, living in the region long before the arrival of Europeans. The first Europeans to explore California were Spanish explorers in the 16th century, and the area became part of the Spanish Empire.

In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, ended the war and ceded California to the United States. The discovery of gold in California in 1848 led to a major influx of settlers, known as the Gold Rush, and California became a state in 1850.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, California experienced continued growth and development, with the establishment of industries such as oil, agriculture, and entertainment. The state also played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement, with the 1965 Watts Riots and the election of Tom Bradley as the first African American mayor of Los Angeles in 1973.

Today, California is known for its diverse population, stunning natural beauty, and its role as a major center of innovation and technology. The state’s economy is based on industries such as technology, entertainment, agriculture, and manufacturing. California is also home to many cultural and historical sites, including Hollywood, the Golden Gate Bridge, and the California missions.

California Cities