Oklahoma is a state located in the South-Central region of the United States. It is bordered by Kansas and Colorado to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, Texas to the south, and New Mexico to the west.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the estimated population of Oklahoma in 2020 was 3,959,353.
The capital of Oklahoma is Oklahoma City, and the estimated population of Oklahoma City in 2020 was 655,057.
The most populous city in Oklahoma is also Oklahoma City, followed by Tulsa with an estimated population of 400,669 in 2020.
Oklahoma has a rich and complex history that reflects the experiences of a diverse group of people over time.
Indigenous People: The land that is now Oklahoma was home to numerous indigenous tribes, including the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole, who were forcibly relocated to the area during the Indian Removal period of the 19th century.
Territorial Period: In 1889, the Unassigned Lands, which had been reserved for Native American resettlement but were never allocated, were opened for settlement by non-Native Americans in a land run that attracted thousands of settlers. This was followed by the creation of the Oklahoma Territory in 1890 and the Indian Territory in 1907.
Statehood and Modern Era: Oklahoma was admitted to the Union as the 46th state in 1907, following the merging of the Oklahoma and Indian Territories. In the early 20th century, Oklahoma experienced a period of rapid growth and prosperity, driven by the discovery of oil and gas reserves and the development of agriculture and manufacturing.
Throughout the 20th century, Oklahoma continued to be a center of energy production and industry, while also experiencing significant social and cultural changes, including the Civil Rights movement and the rise of a vibrant music scene that helped to shape the sound of American popular music.
Today, Oklahoma is home to a diverse mix of people and communities, reflecting its unique history and position as a crossroads of cultures, traditions, and ideas. The state is known for its natural beauty, its many recreational opportunities, and its rich cultural heritage, including the arts, music, and culinary traditions.