Pennsylvania is a state located in the northeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by New York to the north, New Jersey to the east, Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, and Ohio to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the estimated population of Pennsylvania in 2020 was 13,002,700.

The capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg, and the estimated population of Harrisburg in 2020 was 48,904.

The most populous city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia, with an estimated population of 1,578,487 in 2020.

Pennsylvania has a rich and diverse history, stretching back thousands of years to the time of the region’s indigenous communities.

In the 17th century, European explorers and colonizers began to visit the region, with the Dutch establishing a trading post in what is now Philadelphia in 1655. In 1681, King Charles II of England granted a charter to William Penn, a Quaker who sought to create a colony based on principles of religious tolerance and equality. Penn named the colony Pennsylvania, meaning “Penn’s woods,” and established Philadelphia as its capital.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Pennsylvania played a key role in the American Revolution, with Philadelphia serving as the site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The state was also home to many important figures in American history, including Benjamin Franklin and Andrew Carnegie.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Pennsylvania experienced significant growth and development, fueled by its abundant natural resources, such as coal and oil. The state was home to many important industrial centers, including Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, and played a key role in the country’s industrialization.

In the mid-20th century, Pennsylvania became a center of civil rights activism, with the city of Philadelphia serving as a hub of the movement. In recent years, Pennsylvania has continued to be a key player in American politics, with the state playing a crucial role in many presidential elections.

Today, Pennsylvania is known for its vibrant cities, rich history and culture, and its beautiful natural landscapes, including the Appalachian Mountains and the Delaware Water Gap.